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All Shares Index
A complementary index to the PSEi which takes into consideration stocks of all listed companies except those suspended, as well as bonds, preferred and warrants.
Accrued interest
Interest that has been earned but not yet received. It is normally applicable to bonds or debentures.
Active Stocks
Listed stocks (shares) which are frequently and heavily traded on a stock exchange.
A person who directly or indirectly, through one or more intermediaries, controls or is controlled by, or is under common control with the person specified, through the ownership of voting shares by contract or otherwise.
Is subsequent selling or buying transactions of shares after IPO, where proceeds accrue to the selling dealers and investors, and not to the companies that originally issued the securities.
An individual or firm authorized to act on behalf of another, called the principal, such as by executing a transaction. The agent does not assume any financial risk in the transaction, as a dealer would.
The simultaneous purchase and sale of securities in different markets in an attempt to profit from short-term price disparities.
Ask price
The lowest price a seller of a security is willing to take for a unit of a security at a particular time, also called "offer price".
Associated person
An employee of a broker or dealer who, directly exercises control of supervisory authority, but does not include a salesman, or an agent or a person whose functions are solely clerical or ministerial.
At the close order
An order accepted during the 10-minute run-off period, the price of which shall be limited to the closing price of a particular issue.
Authorized Shares
Maximum number of shares of any class a company may legally create under the terms of its Articles of Incorporation. Also called authorized stock.
Authorized Trader
A person licensed by the SEC and the Exchange, and is employed by an active trading participant to act on its behalf as far as trading on the floor of the Exchange is concerned.
A composite measure that gives insight into the movement of the overall market or of a particular industry. Typically, it consists of a small number of stocks and is usually not capitalization weighted.
Average Profit
Means the sum of the pre-tax profits of the subsidiaries divided by the sum of the consolidated pre-tax profits of the parent company and its subsidiaries for the last two fiscal years.
Averaging Down
A strategy in which an investor lowers the average price paid for each share of stock by purchasing more shares as the price declines.
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Basis Point
A phrase used to describe difference in bond yields, with one basis point representing one-hundredth of a percentage point.
Bear Market
Prolonged period of falling prices. A bear market in stocks is usually brought on by the anticipation of declining economic activity, and a bear market in bonds is caused by rising interest rates.
Beneficial Owner
A person who enjoys the benefits of ownership even though the title is in another name. When securities are held by a broker in "street name", the real owner is the beneficial owner.
Bid Price
The highest price a buyer of a security is willing to pay for a unit of the security at a particular time.
Block Sale
A pre-arranged transaction executed through the facilities of the Exchange. For regular block sale, the minimum transaction value is PhP 20M with price not more than 5% above or below the reference price. Special block sale transaction has a minimum value of PhP 50M.
Blue Chip Stock
The share of stable, profitable and well-known public companies that have a long history of steady revenues and dividend payments. It exhibits modest but dependable returns and is relatively of lower risk.
Board Lot
Determines minimum number of shares one can purchase or sell at a specific price range. Also called round lot system.
Any interest-bearing or discounted government or corporate security that obligates the issuer to pay the holder a specified sum of money, usually at specific intervals, and to repay the principal amount of the loan at maturity. The holder is a creditor of the issuer rather than a partial owner.
Bond Market
The market for long-term debt instruments such as T-notes, T-bonds, municipal bonds, mortgage bonds and debentures.
Book Entry System
Is an accounting system which facilitates the transfer or ownership of securities via electronic debit and credit of holdings. Securities move between parties without the need for the movement of physical documents.
A person who acts as intermediary between a buyer and seller, usually charging a commission; they must be registered with the exchange where the securities are traded.
Bull Market
Prolonged rise in the prices of stocks, bonds or commodities. A bull market is also characterized by high trading volume. Bull markets are often accompanied by strong investor confidence and optimistic expectations.
When an investor is forced to repurchase shares because the seller was unable to deliver the securities in a timely manner, if not at all. The securities settlement arm of an exchange may also intervene to settle the failed trade.
When a security's price rises above a resistance level (commonly its previous high price) or drops below a level of support (commonly the former lower price). A breakout is taken to signify a continuing move in the same direction.
Book Value
Total assets minus intangible assets and liabilities, such as debt. A company's book value can be more or less than its market value.
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The total of principal assets that an investor has invested in securities, real estate, and other fixed assets, as well as cash.
Capital Appreciation
An increase in the market value of a security over the adjusted cost of acquisition.
Capital Gain
Difference between an asset's purchase price and selling price, when the difference is positive.
Capital Loss
The loss that results if the proceeds from the sale of a security are less than that security's acquisition cost.
Capital Markets
Markets where capital funds are traded. Included are private placement sources of debt and equity as well as organized markets and exchanges.
Capital Risk
The risk that an investor can lose the money invested in a security. This risk is made up of several different types: business, liquidity, systematic, inflationary, and political.
The part of the company's funds raised by issuing stocks and bonds.
Cash Dividend
Dividend declared by the company in the form of cash.
Also known as ceiling price or ceiling range. Means the highest buying price which is set at not more than 50% above the last traded price of a particular security in the in the previous trading day.
Central Counterparty
An entity that interposes itself between the counterparties to trades, acting as the buyer to every seller and the seller to every buyer.
A document that evidences the ownership of, and the undertakings of the issuer of, a security or financial instrument. See also "stock certificate"
Capturing the patterns of a stock's price and volume movements on a line, bar, point and figure, or moving average graph.
A technical analyst who uses charts or graphs of a security's historical prices or levels to forecast its future trends. A chartist essentially looks for well-known patterns such as head-and-shoulders or support and resistance levels in securities to augment trading strategies.
Means the process of determining the accountability and creating obligations for the exchange of the security element and/or the cash element between counterparties to a transaction.
Clearing Agency
Any person or company acting as intermediary in making deliveries upon payment to effect settlement in securities transactions.
Close-End Fund
A one-time offering of a fixed number of shares to the public where the issuer does not issue new shares nor redeem old shares.
Closing Price
Refers to that price at which the last transaction for an issue was matched during a regular trading day.
Collateral Value
The estimated market value of an asset used as loan collateral. For listed securities used as collateral, the current price of the shares is the collateral value.
Commercial Papers
Short-term obligations with varying maturities issued by banks, corporations, and other borrowers to investors.
The basic fee charged by a broker or agent for executing an order for a customer.
Common Stocks
Units of ownership of a public corporation. Owners typically are entitled to vote on the selection of directors and other important matters as well as to receive dividends on their holdings.
Refers to the formal memorandum from a broker to a client giving details of securities transaction.
Confirmation Receipt
A written report giving details of the trade to the customer or the other broker/dealer involved in the trade, Confirmations must be sent the next business day after the trade.
Conversion Price
A bond's par value cash amount when it is converted to a share of common stock.
Conversion Ratio
Relationship that determines how many shares of common stock will be received in exchange for each convertible bond or preferred share when the conversion takes place.
Convertible Preferred Stock
Preferred stock that at some future time can be converted into a specified number of shares of common stock.
Corporate Actions
Changes in companies that affect their listings on stock exchanges. Examples of corporate actions are new issues, defunct issues, mergers and name changes.
Corporate Nominee
Means an individual duly authorized by a corporate trading participant to act on its behalf and to exercise the rights and duties of said trading participant pursuant to Exchange Rules.
A party to a trade.
Denotes the interest expressed as a percentage of the face value.
Credit Risk
The risk that a counterparty will not settle an obligation for full value, either when due or at any time thereafter. Credit risk includes replacement cost risk and principal risk. It also includes the risk of settlement bank failure.
Cross Transaction
Means a deal where the same broker has a buying and selling order from his two different clients at the same price and the same issue.
Cum Dividend
Means with dividend, i.e. any person buying shares of stock of an issuer before ex-dividend date is entitled to the dividends declared on such stock.
Cum Rights
With rights; shares of stocks that entitle the purchaser to buy a specified amount of stock that is yet to be issued.
Cumulative Preferred
Preferred stock whose dividends accumulate until paid.
Current Yield
The current yield takes into account the price at which the bonds can be purchased. Buying a bond at a discount increases the yield while buying it at a premium reduces the yield.
An entity, often a bank, that safe keeps securities for its customers and may provide various other services, including clearance and settlement, cash management, foreign exchange and securities lending.
The safekeeping and administration of securities and other financial instruments on behalf of others.
Custody Risk
The risk of loss on securities in safekeeping as a result of the custodian"s insolvency, negligence, misuse of assets, fraud, poor administration or inadequate record keeping.
Cyclical Stock
Stocks of corporation whose earnings fluctuate with the business cycle. Also refers to stocks that are highly dependent on the state of the economy. Examples are: airline, hotel, steel, cement, cars, etc.
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Day order
A type of transaction order placed with a stockbrokerage firm to buy or sell shares of stock that is only valid for one trading day.
Day trading
Refers to establishing and liquidating the same position or positions within one day"s trading.
Means a matched order, matched either by the trading system or by the broker as in cross or special block sale.
Refers to an individual or firm acting as a principal in a securities transaction. Principals trade for their own account and risk.
Defaulting Member
A member who, by the end of business hours on settlement date does not have sufficient funds in its settlement bank account to settle its net money obligation or does not have sufficient securities in its settlement sub-account to settle the security element of its trade.
Defensive Stock
Opposite of cyclical stocks, issued by companies producing staples such as food, beverages, drugs and insurance. These stocks typically maintain stability in their value during recessionary periods.
Delayed Delivery
Refers to transactions done on the trading floor and are coursed through the central depository but are made on a date later then the usual settlement date.
Final transfer of a security or financial instrument.
Delivery Versus Payment
A link between securities transfer and funds transfer that ensures that delivery occurs if, and only if, payment occurs.
The move from physical certificates to electronic book keeping. Actual stock certificates are slowly being removed and retired from circulation in exchange for electronic recording.
Derivative Market
The market of derivatives or instruments whose values are derived from other underlying assets. Examples of derivatives are options and futures contracts.
Direct Delivery
Refers to transactions done on the trading floor but are not coursed through the central depository.
Discount Broker
Brokerage house that executes orders to buy and sell securities at commission rates sharply lower that those charged by a full-service broker.
The share in the profits of a corporation which is paid to the stockholders out of the unrestricted retained earnings, in proportion to the number of shares owned by the stockholders. May be in the form of cash, stock or property.
Refers to an individual or firm acting as a principal in a securities transaction. Principals trade for their own account and risk.
Means a matched order, matched either by the trading system or by the broker as in cross or special block sale.
Day Trading
Refers to establishing and liquidating the same position or positions within one day's trading.
Day Order
An order to buy or sell which, if not executed, expires at the end of the trading day on which it was entered.
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Earnings Per Share (EPS)
The ratio of net income to outstanding shares, computed as net income divided by outstanding shares.
Equity Capital
Includes capital contributions by partners, par or stated value of capital stock, paid-in capital in excess of par, retained earnings or other capital accounts.
Money or securities held by third parties pending completion of some contract terms.
Means without dividend
Ex-Dividend Date
Means the date set by the Exchange starting from which the buyer is no longer entitled to the dividends. Currently set at 3 business days before record date.
The buyer of a stock sold ex-rights acquires only the stock itself and not any associated right to subscribe to additional stock directly from the company at a discount.
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Face Value
The formal cash-in value written on a note or other financial document. It is the amount the issuing company promises to pay at maturity.
Failed Trade
Also known as failed transaction. A securities transaction that does not settle on the contractual settlement date.
Final Settlement
The discharge of an obligation by a transfer of funds and a transfer of securities that have become irrevocable and unconditional.
Fixed Income
Investment security paying a fixed amount of interest on a regular basis.
Floor Price
Or floor range. Means the lowest selling price which is set at not more that 40% below the last traded price.
The price movement of a security.
Full-Service Broker
Broker who provides a wide range of services to clients including research, margin loans, market-making activities.
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Global Custodian
A custodian that provides its customers with custody services in respect of securities traded and settled not only in the country in which the custodian is located but also in numerous other countries throughout the world.
Good-til-Cancelled (GTC)
This trading choice means the order you place will remain open for a set period of time, unless the order is executed or cancelled.
Gross Settlement System
A transfer system in which the settlement of funds or securities transfer instructions occurs individually
Growth Stock
Stock of a corporation that has exhibited faster-than-average gains in earnings over the last few years and is expected to continue to show high levels of profit growth.
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Placement of physical certificates for securities and financial instruments in a central securities depository so that subsequent transfers can be made by book entry.
Income Stock
Stock paying high and regular dividends to shareholders.
A medium used to denote trends in securities market.
Indirect Market Participant
A market participant that uses intermediary for the execution of trades on its behalf. Generally, institutional investors and cross-border clients are indirect market participants.
Initial Public Offering (IPO)
Primary distribution or sale or offer to sell new or subsequent issues of securities to the general public.
Any person who has or whose relationship or former relationship to the issuer gives or gave him access to material information about the issuer or the security that is not generally available to the public.
Insider Trading
means the act of selling or purchasing, or causing the sale or purchase of a security having knowledge of a fact of special significance with respect to the issuer or the security that is not generally available to the public.
Institutional Investors
Organizations whose primary purpose is to invest their own assets or those entrusted to them by other. The most common are employee pension funds, insurance companies, mutual funds, university endowments, and banks.
Interest Rate Risk
Refers to the volatility of bond prices that result from changes in interest rates. Interest rates are affected by various factors and are hard to predict especially over the long term.
Investment House
Means a duly licensed enterprise authorized to underwrite securities of another person or enterprise, including securities of the government and its instrumentalities.
Issued Shares
Capital stock that has been sold to shareholders.
The originator, maker, obligor, or creator of the security. The company offering its shares.
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Limit Order
An order to buy or sell at a specific price or at a price better that the specified price which shall be within the ceiling and floor price restrictions.
For investment, portfolio, or account, the ease with which assets may be converted into cash. For a market, the ability of the market to absorb fairly large volumes of sales without drastically affecting the price.
Liquidity Risk
The risk that a counterparty will not settle an obligation for full value when due, but on some unspecified date thereafter.
Listed Stock
The stock of a company that is traded on the exchange.
Means the admission of securities for trading on the Exchange.
Lodged securities
Means securities which have been properly deposited in the Depository System.
Owning the security with the expectation that its value will increase.
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Major Shareholder
Means a person or entity that controls or owns at least 10% of the voting stock of a corporation.
The illegal act of creating a false impression of trading volume or price for a security.
Margin Agreement
The customer consents pledging his securities as collateral for a debit balance.
Margin securities
Shall mean those securities which have been purchased by a customer on the basis of credit extended by a broker or dealer pursuant to the provisions of the Securities Regulations Act.
Market Capitalization
Market value of a company at a given point in time. Market capitalization is calculated by multiplying the number of shares by the share price.
Market Order
An order to buy or sell a security at the price prevailing at the time the order is given. This is generally done when the client wants immediate execution of his/her order.
Market Maker
One that provides liquidity to the market by posing both bid and asked prices for certain issues.
Market Value
Means the price of a security based on the quotations in the Exchange.
Marking the Close
A prohibited practice of closing up or down at an obviously small amount or board lots just before the closing of the market for purposes of manipulating stock prices.
The date at which a loan or bond or debenture comes due and must be redeemed or paid off.
Minimum Fluctuation
The smallest possible price movement of a security. Also known as minimum tick.
Money Market
The market of highly liquid, short-term fixed-income instruments such as t-bills, commercial paper, and bank certificates of deposits.
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An agreed offsetting of mutual obligations by trading partners or participants in a system, including the netting of trade obligations, for example, through a central counterparty; and also agreements to securities or funds transfer instructions on a net basis.
Nominal Yield
Nominal yield is equal to the bond's coupon rate. Hence, a bond with a coupon rate of 8 percent has a nominal yield of 8 percent.
Person or firm into whose name, securities or other properties are transferred by agreement.
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Means that the quantity of the lot is less than one board lot.
Offer Price
Also known as "asked price"
Offering Period
Means the period within which securities will first or be made available for sale to the public.
Open Order
An order that has been entered and remains in effect until executed, canceled or expired.
Opening Price
Is the price at which the first transaction for an issue was matched.
Operational Risk
The risk that deficiencies in information systems or internal controls, human errors or management failures will result in unexpected losses.
Means either a bid or a quote from a client entered into the trading system by the trader.
Order-Driven System
A system dominated by brokers acting as agents. Customers' orders are posted into the system and anyone viewing the standing orders knows exactly what trades are going to be executed if a new quote or limit order is entered.
Outstanding Shares
Issued capital stock that is held by shareholders. This therefore represents the total issued capital stock less any treasury stock.
Over-the-Counter (OTC)
Means a security that is not listed and traded on an organized exchange.
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P/E Ratio
Price-to-earnings ratio. A ratio to evaluate a stock’s worth. Calculated by dividing the stock’s price by an earnings-per-share figure. If calculated with the past year’s earnings, it is called the trailing P/E. If calculated with an analyst’s forecast for next year’s, it is called forward P/E.
Philippine Association of Securities Brokers and Dealers, Inc. An umbrella organization of all licensed stockbrokers and independent securities brokers and dealers, as well as investment houses in the country.
Philippine Association of Stock Transfer Agencies, Inc. An organization of stock transfer agencies in the country.
Paid-Up Capital
Means the amount paid for subscribed capital stock.
Par value
An arbitrary value given to the stock at the time of issuance and is used to record the value of shares on the books of the corporation.
Philippine Depository & Trust Corp. (PDTC)
A specialist company holding securities so that ownership can be easily transfered through a book-entry system instead of transferring physical certificates. The depository serves as a central location where the securities are made available for clearing, settlement, and securities borrowing and lending.
Philippine Deposit Receipts (PDRs)
A security which grants the holder the right to the delivery of sale of the underlying share. PDRs are not evidences or statements nor certificates of ownership of a corporation.
Preferred stocks
Its name is derived from preference given to the holders of these stocks over holders of common stocks. Holders of preferred stocks are entitled to receive dividends, to the extent agreed upon, before any dividends are paid to the holders of common stocks. However, preferred stocks usually have a specified limited rate of return or dividend and a specified limited redemption and liquidation price.
A group of securities held or owned for investment purposes by an individual or institutional investor, An investor’s portfolio may contain common and preferred shares, bonds, options and other types of securities.
Pre-Emptive Rights
Means the right of the stockholder of the company to subscribe to all issues or disposition of shares of any class in proportion to his shareholdings.
Pre-open Order
A transaction by which the price shall be its stated price or a better buying (lower) or selling (higher) price depending on the calculated opening price.
Pre-Settlement Risk
The risk that a counterparty to a transaction for completion at a future date will default before final settlement. The resulting exposure is the cost of replacing the original transaction at current market prices.
Preferred Stocks
Stocks which give shareholders preference over common stockholders in terms of having a fixed dividend rate and priority claim over earnings and assets in the event of a company's liquidation. However, their potential for price appreciation is lesser and have no voting rights, unless indicated.
Premium (Bonds)
The amount by which a bond or preferred stock may sell above its par value. Also, that part of redemption price of a bond or preferred stock in excess of par.
Premium (New Issue)
The amount the market price rises over the original selling price of a new issue of stocks or bonds.
Premium (Option)
Amount paid to the option seller or writer for assuming the risk that he may have to buy (for puts) an underlying security for more than the market price or sell (for calls) at less than the market price.
Previous Close
Refers to the closing price at which the issue was last traded.
Price Band
Also known as trading band. The allowable price for a buy or sell order is reckoned from the last closing price or posted bid, whichever is higher.
Price Freeze
Occurs when the trading price of the shares moves 50% upward or 40% downward from the previous closing price. Trading is still allowed but the movement of the price is not.
Price Manipulation
A series of transactions designed to raise or lower the price of a security or to give the appearance of trading for the purpose of inducing others to buy or sell said security. An intentional interference with the free forces of supply and demand.
Primary Market
Venue where new issues of stocks and bonds are sold by corporations, national and local government units.
Private Placement
Means securities that are specifically being offered to one or several investors whether existing stockholder/s of the applicant company or otherwise, as opposed to securities that are being publicly offered and distributed.
Primary Shares
Means the shares from a company's authorized capital stock that are issued for the first time; also called "new issues".
Principal Risk
The risk that the seller of a security delivers the security but does not receive payment or that the buyer of a security makes payment but does not receive delivery. In such an event, the full principal value of the securities or funds transferred is at risk.
Is the document made by or on behalf of an issuer, underwriter or dealer to sell or offer securities for sale to the public through a registration statement filed with the SEC.
Public Listing
The offering or sale to the general public of new or subsequent issues of securities traded on the stock exchange.
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Record Date
Means the date on which stockholders must officially own shares in order to be entitled to any shareholders rights or dividends.
Red Herring
A preliminary prospectus or registration statement filed with the SEC and Exchange which contains all material information relating to the proposed new issue of securities except for the offer price, other price-related items, and offering period.
A person, an agent or firm appointed by a corporation whose function is to prevent over-issuance of the corporation's shares.
Registration Statement
Is the application for registration of securities required to be filed with the Securities & Exchange Commission (SEC).
Replacement Cost Risk
The cost of replacing the original transaction at current market prices.
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Securities Clearing Corporation of the Philippines. Established to provide a centralized clearance, settlement and risk management services in the book entry environment of the PCDI system.
A natural person, employed as such or as an agent, by a dealer, issuer or broker to buy and sell securities.
Physical evidence of ownership, as in stock certificate.
Scripless trading
The trading system where settlement is carried out via book-entries rather than by the movement of physical securities.
Secondary market
Exchanges and OTC markets where securities are bought and sold subsequent to original issuance which took place in the primary market. Also called "aftermarket".
Secondary Shares
Means shares that have been previously issued by the company.
Are shares, participation or interests in a corporation or in a commercial enterprise or profit-making venture and evidenced by a certificate, contract, instrument, whether written or electronic in character.
Self-Regulatory Organization
A non-governmental organization that has the power to create and enforce industry regulations and standards. The priority is to protect investors through the establishment of rules that promote ethics and equality.
Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)
The SEC is a government agency whose primary mission is to protect investors and maintain the integrity of the capital markets, among which is the stock market.
Settlement date
The date on which payment is due to settle a trade. Currently, for equities, settlement is set at 3 days after trade date. For SDT Bonds, settlement is on the day the trade was made.
Shares Outstanding
The number of authorized shares in a company that are held by investors including employees and executives of that company. Unissued shares are not included in this figure.
The sale of a borrowed security expecting a decline in that security's price or value. The seller eventually returns the borrowed security by buying from the market at a lower price, thus making a profit. Also referred to as a short sale.
Stock Certificate
A physical paper or document evidencing ownership by a shareholder in a corporation.
Small-Denominated Treasury Bonds (SDT-Bonds)
Are long-term and relatively risk-free debt securities issued by the Bureau of Treasury (BTr) of the Republic of the Philippines. The bond is a certificate of indebtedness of the Republic of the Philippines to the owner of the SDT-Bonds.
Stock broker
A person or a corporation authorized and licensed by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and PSE to trade securities.
Are shares of ownership in a corporation. When you become a stockholder or shareholder of a company, you become part-owner of that company.
Stock Dividends
Means dividends paid in the form of shares of stock of the company.
Stock Exchange
An organized venue for trading registered and listed stocks. It is an organization whose function is to facilitate the purchase and sale of stocks and other securities. It is a market for outstanding equity shares.
Stockholders or Investors
Are those who own shares of stocks of a publicly listed company, at least until the time that they decide to sell them.
Stock Rights
Stock rights offering is the option given to the present shareholders to buy additional shares of stock at a price lower than its market price.
Stock Market
A place where stocks are traded to investors. It is composed of the primary and secondary markets. Two basic types: organized securities exchange and over-the-counter market.
Stock Rights
The option given to the present shareholders to buy additional shares of stock at a price lower than its market price.
Stock Option
Is the right to purchase a specified number of shares of stock for a specified price at a specified time.
Stock Split
Increase in a corporation's number of outstanding shares without any change in the shareholders' equity or the aggregate market value at the time of the split.
Street Name
Phrase describing securities held in the name of a broker or another nominee instead of a customer.
Is an affiliate controlled by another corporation directly or indirectly through one or more intermediaries.
Street Certificate
Securities truly owned by a client but registered in the name of a nominee broker to facilitate transactions.
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Three Fluctuation Rule
A rule that allows entry of buying order from the lowest allowable price up to a maximum price which is three fluctuations above the best (lowest) offer; selling order is allowed from the highest allowable price down to a maximum price which is three fluctuations below the best (highest) bid.
A computerized listing of information showing stock market activity and stock price movements. Information includes the stock symbol, last traded price, and the volume of shares traded.
Traded volume
Means the total number of stock shares traded in a particular period.
Trading Band
Means the allowable price range for regular buy or sell orders; from the highest buying price (ceiling) and the lowest selling price (floor) on a particular day.
Trading Day
Refers to any day when the Exchange is open for transaction and trading is conducted.
Trading Floor
Means the physical premises where trading of securities are conducted.
Trading Halt
Means the temporary stoppage or suspension of the trading of a listed security or suspension of trading in the Exchange.
Trading Participant
Means any Broker Dealer who has the right, pursuant to PSE Rules, to trade at the Exchange.
Means an agreement for the purchase and sale of securities.
Transfer Agent
A firm, usually a commercial bank, appointed by a corporation to maintain records of stock owners, to cancel and issue certificates, and to resolve problems arising from lost, destroyed, or stolen certificates.
Treasury Shares
Shares of stock which were previously issued and fully paid, but subsequently reacquired by the issuing corporation by purchase, redemption, donation, or through some other lawful means.
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Value Turnover
The amount of transactions in monetary terms traded on a particular period. It tells us how much money is turned over from the trading of stocks. It is computed by multiplying the number of shares traded by the market price at the point when the trade was made
Total number of shares traded in a particular period or session.
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Refers to a derivative instrument which grants the holders the right but not the obligation to buy (in the case of a call warrant) or sell (in the case of put warrant) a stated number or shares of stock at a specified price and at a specific time in the future.
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Means the percentage rate of return on an investor's capital investment.
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